Role of a Teacher in Facilitating Development of Children
The teacher and the school have a major role in facilitating the overall development of children once they are enrolled in the school.Educational Implications of Physical Development:
The physical health development of children is of paramount importance for their success and effectiveness in all fields of their life. The psychologists have reiterated that this aspect of development should be paid attention by all those who deal with the education and welfare of children.
To ensure this, the school must have a regular programme of health education and evaluation. Adequate facilities for participation in sport and games and other physical exercises appropriate to the level of growth should be provided to the students.
We should give them practical information concerning physical growth, personal hygiene, food habits, etc. It is expected that a brief, interesting and easily understandable task, introducing them to various development stages, would certainly help them to form a correct picture in their own minds regarding their own changing selves and their roles in life.
This could also serve as safeguard against the possibility of their developing irrational worries regarding abrupt development taking place in their bodies. A teacher can successfully accomplish this task if he or she has a sound knowledge of the physical development of children.
With the increased rate of physical change consequent to the transition from one phase of development to another, their behaviour and attitudes are also bound to change.It is imperative that varying treatment, suitable to the physical growth level, is needed by children.
It is observed that the upper primary, secondary and senior secondary students are very tender physically. This is the reason why they need affection and tender treatment in the classroom. Developing children must not be stuffed with bookish learning.
The educational programmes should include a combination of varied activities in and out of the classroom. Adolescents are in need of sympathetic understanding and friendliness. They are often found clumsy, awkward, aggressive and violent.
It must be remembered that physical health is the basis of all development. The all-round and healthy development of children is exceedingly dependent upon healthy physical growth. Children who have a feeling that they are physically fit are favorably affected by this internal visualization of themselves.
They most likely develop confidence and a will power to improve further. On the other hand, children suffering from a feeling that there is something wrong somewhere in their body have lower chance to approach life confidently and make any substantial achievement.
A teacher should therefore make efforts to promote a sense of well-being in the children by developing an interest among them in the physical culture programmers of the school. He or she should promote the development of positive and healthy feelings in children regarding the present state of their physical health.
Taking care of physical health of children at the school is first and foremost responsibility of the physical health instructor,the gymnastics & sports teachers.Educational Implications of Social Development
(a) Social growth:
The social growth of children is a significant process.
This growth is important not to be ignored by the teacher and the parents. Children's social development affects their whole life, including their scholastic achievements. Hence the school should try to provide adequate opportunities that are favorable to the social growth of the children.
It should create a healthy atmosphere in and outside the classroom. The children will feel it convenient and desirable to develop satisfying social relations with others.
(b) Feeling of security:
A class teacher should aim at promoting a feeling of security in the minds of children. Each student should be helped to develop healthy and desirable relations with classmates. He should be inspired to participate in group activities in and out of the classroom.
(c) Knowledge full of utility:
Education should develop in the student useful knowledge, skills, and habits for successful and effective social living. It is desirable for the teacher to impart knowledge in an interesting and stimulating manner.
(d) Form of knowledge:
Mere bookish stuff is not sufficient. Instead, the teacher should bring out the social and cultural implications of the various subjects taught in the classroom.
In the same way the training of a student in a particular field is also socially essential. Students must be motivated to take interest in practical, scientific & mechanical subjects. Consequently they will develop a taste for mastering useful skills in a particular practical subject.
Such mastery and the allied technical skills are economically paying and socially very helpful. It helps a student in making and maintaining desirable social relations throughout adult life. A teacher should keep this in mind.
(f) Inculcation of Habits:
In a school, a student is able to acquire socially desirable habits and attitudes. It is observed that different children react differently to the same classroom situation. Individual attention should be paid to guide children effectively.
(i) The aggressive child must be taught the art of submission. (ii) The shy child must be given opportunities for self-assertion. (iii) The delinquent child should be introduced to the desirability of respecting the law.
If the above said opportunities are forthcoming the child will have chances to develop into a socially healthy adult.
There should be adequate provision of wider socio-cultural activities. Teachers should stimulate children to develop a keen interest in hobbies and in indoor and outdoor recreation. In this connection it is found that group play and other organized recreational activities play a vital role in the child's development.
Through these recreational activities the children makes contacts with other children, student learns to abide by the rules of the game, i.e. is trained in the art getting along with others cheerfully. The students should be given the kinds of cultural and recreational programmes which are est. suited to their development level.
Clubs, camps, group and societies should be organized maintaining the social health of children. There should be provision of small literary and social groups, screening of educational films, drama, clubs, of scout groups,Girl Guide groups, camp fires, etc. These things give wholesome social diet for school children.
However activities of these organizations should not be entirely it he hands of children themselves.There should be judicious guidance, advice and direction of the programmes by the teacher.Sufficient liberty and freedom should be given to children to manage these group organizations. It will give them great pleasure and satisfy their desire to direct their own affairs.Educational implications of emotional development:
Usually children express many emotions link anger, fear, jealousy, affection, joy, pleasure, etc. Positive emotions help the child to develop a positive outlook about life.
The following methods are help children in maintaining emotional balance.
Tired children are difficult to handle. Therefore, efforts may be made not to cause undue fatigue to them.
Children in poor health are irritable. Hence the health of these children should be properly looked after.
Association with emotional people:
Children imitate the behaviour of their elders, parents, teachers and other adults and peer groups. Suitable examples should be presented by the elders.
The more restrictions are imposed on the child, more revolting they become. This means that a suitable disciplinary mechanism should be evolved.
A child shows emotional outbursts when he is faced with a strange situation or for which he is not prepared. Proper training to face such situations needs to be given gradually.
Expression of feelings:
Children should be helped to express their emotions naturally . They should be helped to develop a realistic understanding of tuitions that arouse unpleasantness.
Children should be helped to learn how to control their feelings which may offend others. They should be gradually directed to.exercise more self-control.
Counseling may be useful in cases where children exhibit a disturbed & highly emotional state of the mind.